November 29, 2023
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Fatty Liver Disease: Your Complete Guide

Fatty Liver

Welcome to an ultimate guide to fatty liver disease! In this post, we’ll dive into the causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of this liver condition.

What is fatty liver?

Fatty liver disease occurs when fat builds up in the liver cells, affecting its function. It can happen due to:

  • Excessive alcohol consumption, 
  • An inactive lifestyle
  • A high-fat diet. 

That’s right – alcohol and poor food choices can damage our liver.

What are the causes of fatty liver?

Several factors are responsible for the cause of fatty liver disease. All these are related to our lifestyle choices. 

Causes of fatty liver include: 

  • An unhealthy diet, 
  • Excessive alcohol intake, 
  • Genetic factors, 
  • Certain medications, and 
  • Weight-related issues. 
unhealthy diet

One major cause is an unhealthy diet. When you consume too many calories from sugary and fatty foods, your liver cannot process. They build up as fat in our liver cells.

Excessive alcohol intake 

It is another leading cause of fatty liver disease. Regular and heavy drinking can damage your liver. It leads to fat formation and inflammation.


Genetics also plays a role. Some people may have a higher genetic risk for developing fatty liver disease. Conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and high cholesterol increase the chances of the disease.

Certain medications

These include:

  • Steroids
  • Tamoxifen 
  • Antiviral drugs 

Consumption of these drugs may contribute to fatty liver disease as a side effect.

Rapid weight loss or malnutrition 

It can cause disruptions in the body’s metabolism and nutrient absorption. It further leads to fatty liver disease.

What are the symptoms of fatty liver?

liver pain

If you have fatty liver disease, you may not notice any signs at first. As it progresses, you might feel:

  • Abdominal pain 
  • A feeling of fullness in the upper right side of the belly
  • Nausea 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Yellowish skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Swollen abdomen and legs (edema)
  • Extreme tiredness 
  • Mental confusion
  • Weakness


If you experience the symptoms above. It’s time to consult a healthcare professional for proper guidance.

How to diagnose fatty liver?

Diagnosing the disease can feel like solving a mystery. Medical professionals rely on techniques and technology to analyze it. Let’s see how fatty liver disease is detected.

  1. Recognizing the Symptoms:

Detecting fatty liver disease begins with recognizing the symptoms. These symptoms are common and can be due to other conditions. Your doctor will study your medical history and perform a physical examination to look for risk factors.

  1.  Blood test

Blood tests play a crucial role in the diagnosis of fatty liver disease. One valuable indicator is liver function tests. It examines enzyme levels to assess liver health. 

Healthcare professionals prescribe a few tests which help to diagnose the disease, including:

  • Fasting sugar 
  • Lipid test 


  1. Imaging Techniques

When it comes to inspecting the liver, medical professionals imply imaging techniques. The techniques tell the fat growth in the liver and diagnose other liver diseases.

These methods include: 

  • Ultrasound 
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scans

Ultrasound is often the first step. This handy tool uses sound waves to generate detailed images. It allows a close examination of the liver’s structure.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Computerized tomography (CT) scans provide a clearer picture.

  1. Biopsy 

In some cases, a biopsy becomes the secret weapon. This procedure involves extracting a small tissue sample from the liver. The professionals examine these samples under a microscope. 

It allows professionals to determine

  • The severity of the disease 
  • The degree of inflammation
  • The presence of scarring

Biopsies are not always necessary and carry a small risk of complications. A biopsy is only essential in unclear cases or if the disease seems severe.

What are the treatments available for fatty liver disease?

The treatment approach depends on the severity of the disease. In some cases changing lifestyle plays a vital role in treating the disease. 


Here are the possible treatment options:

  1. Lifestyle Makeover: 

A healthy diet, exercise, and losing weight is good for the disease; You can consult diet and health experts for personalized guidance.

  1. Medication: 

If you have underlying medical conditions like:

High cholesterol or diabetes, and treating them can also treat fatty liver; Remember that there’s no magic pill for fatty liver disease itself.

  1. Research and Clinical Trials: 

Clinical trials are exploring new treatments for the disease; Ask your healthcare provider if you’d like to involve in studies. 

  1. Transplantation:

In cases of severe damage, a liver transplant may be the only option left. A liver transplant is usually for those with end-stage liver disease. 

How can I prevent fatty liver?

Preventing any disease is the key! You can make a big difference by embracing a healthier lifestyle. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Keep the Weight in Check: 

Maintaining a healthy weight reduces the risk of fatty liver disease. Eat nutritious foods like fresh fruits, veggies, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Say no to processed foods and sugary drinks. Consider exercising three days a week.

  1. Alcohol in Moderation: 

Enjoying a little wine or beer is fine. But excessive alcohol consumption can damage the liver. You must limit your alcohol intake.

  1. Manage Medical Conditions: 

Conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol increase the chances of the disease. Keep these conditions in check with the help of your healthcare provider.!

  1. Medications and Herbals: 

Consult your healthcare provider before taking any new medications or herbal supplements. 


Diagnosing fatty liver disease requires a combination of observations. It is done through blood testing and imaging techniques. By gathering all your data, professionals understand the condition better. Then guide patients toward effective treatment and lifestyle changes.


Can a person with fatty liver disease get rid of his fat belly and have a flat stomach again?

Yes. By improving your lifestyle choices, you can get rid of belly fat. Include exercising and a nutritious diet in your daily routine. It can help you get a flat stomach and reduce the risk of other diseases.

Which food is bad for fatty liver?
  • Poultry (except for lean white meat)
  • Full-fat cheese
  • Yogurt (except low-fat)
  • Red meat
  • Baked foods
  • Fried foods
  • Sugary items and foods with added sugars 
What are the five main functions of the liver?

The liver stores fat-soluble vitamins and takes care of cholesterol homeostasis. It stores iron and copper. It plays a role in hematology and protein synthesis.

Here are five main functions of the liver:

  • Bile production and excretion.
  • Enzyme activation.
  • Store glycogen, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Responsible for the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
  • Responsible for the excretion of bilirubin, cholesterol, hormones, and drugs.
  • Synthesis of plasma proteins
Do steroids cause fatty liver?

Consumption of steroids damages the Enzymes. Those enzymes play a vital role in the metabolism of amino acids. Users of anabolic steroids can experience damaged liver. It is due to an increase in the normal dosage of steroids.

What are the symptoms of fatty liver disease and can drinking milk cause this condition?

Patients with fatty liver disease have to control their calcium intake. You can drink milk with low fats, such as almond milk.

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